Automation of aquaponics systems through integration of RTC modules, turbidity sensors, and water level sensors

Main Article Content

Dicky Suman Jaya
Styawati Styawati
Alim Syahirul


Automation of aquaponics systems is key in increasing agricultural efficiency and productivity. A system considered an innovative method of sustainable food production that combines fish farming with agriculture simultaneously. The problem that often occurs is crop failure, due to the lack of technology that can monitor automatically, so that farmers experience losses as a result of fish and plant growth does not thrive, and problems in urban areas that require land for planting and fish farming due to limited land in urban areas. There is another problem with the lack of accurate timing and monitoring of water quality in aquaponics. The purpose of this research is to implement an IoT system in aquaponics that is connected to various sensors, such as Turbidity sensors, Water Level sensors, and RTC Modules. To monitor water quality conditions in tilapia habitat and accurate time measurement to provide fish feed automatically so as to improve fish health and growth and support better and consistent yields. The findings of this study show that the implementation of IoT systems in aquaponics can overcome environmental monitoring and control problems effectively. Using the integration of RTC modules, turbidity sensors, and water level sensors effectively improves the automation of aquaponics systems. This optimized system provides better monitoring of environmental conditions, reduces reliance on manual maintenance, and increases overall productivity. It helps increase tilapia growth and plant productivity in a modern aquaponics system. This research demonstrates the great potential of IoT technology in increasing efficiency and productivity in aquaponics aquaculture, so that it can push the fisheries sector towards a more advanced and competitive direction. So the main conclusion is expected that this automation can increase the productivity of ecosystem balance, and can face food security challenges and move towards more environmentally friendly solutions, towards effective management in the future.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
D. S. Jaya, S. Styawati, and A. Syahirul, “Automation of aquaponics systems through integration of RTC modules, turbidity sensors, and water level sensors”, J. Soft Comput. Explor., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 262-275, Jan. 2024.


J. Juniarti, N. Nazwirman, and I. Kusuma, "Socialization and Development of Fish Farming in Buckets for Food Security," J. Devotion. Al-Ikhlas, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, DOI: 10.31602/jpaiuniska.v6i2.3899.

Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, "Regulation of the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia Number 17/Permen-KP/2020 concerning the Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries for 2020-2024," Ministry. Sea. and Fishery.Pp. 1–148, 2020.

M. F. Sukadi, "Improving Aquaculture Technology," J. Indonesian ikhtiology., Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 61–66, 2002.

V. F. Baldan, Sani Kamil., Umiati, "Tourism Village Development through the Vertical Garden Movement in Sukoharjo Corner Village," Pros. Semin. Nas. Devotion. Masy. LPPM UMJ. Sept. 24.Pp. 3–4, 2019.

E. Marlina, J. Livestock, P. Aquaculture Study of Lampung State Polytechnic JlSoekarno-Hatta Rajabasa no, and B. Lampung, "Proceedings of the V Annual National Seminar on Fisheries and Marine Research Results STUDY OF AMMONIA CONTENT IN TILAPIA (Oreochromis niloticus) FARMING USING TOMATO PLANT AQUAPONICS TECHNOLOGY (Solanum lycopersicum)," pp. 181–187, 2016.

Ramlah, S. Eddy, Z. Hasyim, and Hasan Munis Said, "Comparison of Nutritional Content of Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus from Lake Mawang, Gowa Regency and Lake Hassanuddin University, Makassar City Comparison of Nutritional Content of Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus from Mawang's Lake Gowa and Hassanuddin Univers," J. Biol. Makassar, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 39–46, 2016.

B. M. Hapsari, J. Hutabarat, and D. Harwanto, "Water Quality Performance, Growth, and Survival of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Aquaponics Systems with Different Plant Species," Aquaculture Science Trop., Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 78–89, 2020, doi: 10.14710/sat.v4i1.6425.

A. A. Jaya, P. Agricultural, and N. Pangkajene, "IbKIK TILAPIA AQUAPONICS SYSTEM AQUAPONICS FARMING," vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 37–43, 2018.

Y. Irawan, A. Febriani, R. Wahyuni, and Y. Devis, "Water quality measurement and filtering tools using Arduino Uno, PH sensor and TDS meter sensor," J. Robot. Control, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 357–362, 2021, DOI: 10.18196/JRC.25107.

W. Vernandhes, N. . Salahuddin, and A. Kowanda, "Smart Growbox Design With Temperature and Humidity Monitoring System Via the Internet," Technoin, Vol. 22, No. 11, pp. 850–859, 2016, doi: 10.20885/teknoin.vol22.iss11.art6.

A. Dutta, P. Dahal, P. Tamang, E. Saban Kumar, and R. Prajapati, "IoT based Aquaponics Monitoring," 1st KEC Conf. Proc., no. September, pp. 75–80, 2018.

R. Alfia, A. Widodo, N. Kholis, and Nurhayati, "Water Quality Monitoring System in IoT-Based Aquaponics System," J. Tech. Electro, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 707–714, 2021.

S. Suriana, A. P. Lubis, and E. Rahayu, "Remote Monitoring System at Bangkok Tilapia Pond Temperature Utilizes NODEMCUESP8266-Based Internet of Things (IoT)," JUTSI (Journal of Technology. and Sist. Information), Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1–8, 2021, doi: 10.33330/jutsi.v1i1.1004.

N. Aziezah, W. Sholihah, I. Novianty, M. Romadhona, and A. Mardiyono, "Sipekernik: Water Turbidity and Irrigation Monitoring System in Aquaponics Using Turbidity, LDR and Water Level Sensors," JTIM J. Technological. Inf. and Multimed., Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 261–271, 2023, doi: 10.35746/jtim.v4i4.324.

E. Rohadi et al., "Internet Of Things Based Catfish Farming Monitoring System Using Raspberry Pi," J. Techno. Inf. and Computal Science., Vol. 5, No. 6, p. 745, 2018, DOI: 10.25126/Jtiik.2018561135.

F. Fauziah, "Monitoring the Turbidity Level of Water in Betta Fish Farming Aquariums," Juisik, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2021, [Online]. Available:

B. Dewantara and I. Sulistiyowati, "Automatic Fish Feeder and Telegram Based Aquarium Water Level Monitoring," pp. 1–10.

A. W. Atmaja, D. R. Sijabat, and F. E. Purwiantono, "Automation of Aquaponic Choy Sum and Nile Tilapia Using Arduino Microcontroller," J. Telecommun Informatics. Eng., Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 301–309, 2021, DOI: 10.31289/jite.v4i2.4395.

Zulfikar, A. Muslih, K. Nisak, and A. Fitria, "Training on Making Simple Aquaponics for Narrow Land Optimization in Pulorejo Village, Tembelang District," J. Pertan. J. Devotion. Masy., vol. 2, e-ISSN no: 2774-8537, pp. 2–7, 2021.

D. Safitri, F. Putra, Fauzan, and A. Marini, "Ecolabel and Environmental Education," Standalone Library. p. 129, 2020.

D. Monika, M. Muchlishah, and M. Dwiyaniti, "Utilization of PLTS as an Aquaponics Energy Source in Leuwi Karet Village, Guha Kulon Village, Klapa Nunggal, Bogor Regency," Dharmakarya, Vol. 11, No. 1, p. 73, 2022, DOI: 10.24198/Dharmakarya.v11I1.36267.

S. Mashumah, "Design Hydroponic Nutrient Film Technique Using Fuzzy Logic Control Based on Electrical Conductivity and Image," Thesis Progr. Master of Tech. Electro, Inst. Teknol. Ten Nop., 2018.

S. Wibowo and A. Asriyanti, "NFT Hydroponic Application in Pakcoy (Brassica rapa chinensis) Cultivation," J. Researcher. Questions. Terap., Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 159–167, 2013, [Online]. Available:

Abstract viewed = 127 times